Urinary Incontinence

Urinary Incontinence

According to WebMD, urinary incontinence occurs when a housetrained dog loses control of its bladder. This can range in severity from occasional small urine leaks to inadvertent voiding of a large amount of urine.  There are many possible causes, among them: congenital anatomic defect; “spay” incontinence; intervertebral disc disease; neurological disorder; prostate disorder; diabetes; kidney disease; urinary stones; urinary infection; hormonal imbalance; certain medications.

Symptoms:  Urinating in large amounts; leaking when settled in bed; dribbling urine; pain; free-flowing or halting urine; involuntary urination; licking of genital areas; blood in urine (hematuria).

Treatment:  Never assume a behavioral cause, always seek a medical opinion first.  A variety of tests to pinpoint the cause will determine the treatment. Depending on the cause treatment may consist of medications, hormone therapy, or surgery.

Age of onset: Varies depending on cause.

Breeds affected:

  • Cardigans: yes
  • Pembrokes: yes
  • Other breeds: yes, including mixed breeds

Incidence in Cardigans: Unknown


  • Cardigans: No
  • Other breeds: No

Registry: Unknown

Tests:  Blood and urine tests, and imaging such as x-rays and ultrasound may be needed.

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